residual, 2023

residual, 2023 – sixty second excerpt


  • Code: GPT-4
  • Music: Max Richter, Dream 1 (before the wind blows it all away), Sleep, 2015


  • Medium: single channel video, color, stereo sound
  • Duration: 52:00 minutes
  • Resolution: 720 x 1280
  • Frame rate: 30 fps


Sit in front of a camera for as long as you can without moving. Do this ten times. Ask GPT-4 to write code that analyzes the ten takes. If a pixel has the same brightness across all ten takes, render it white, otherwise render it blue. In this way, any variation introduced by the subject or the subject’s environment, but only that variation, will be visible from frame to frame.


“Poignant 52-minute video employing custom software to interrogate themes of presence, absence, and identity. Overlapping takes of a figure are algorithmically analyzed, producing ethereal smudges of pale blue against a void-like white canvas whenever variations occur. The fragmentation and erasure imbue the work with a haunting sense of evaporating identity. Slowed to half-speed, the meditative rhythm intensifies the experience of witnessing a digital ghost or residue, provoking a profound reflection on our tenuous and imperiled existence in the early digital era.”

— GPT-4